The history of chewing gum

The history of chewing gumOne of the first chewing gums found in history is a 5000 year old piece of gum made out of birch bark tar. It was found in a city in Finland called Kierikki and had tooth imprints on it. But it’s believed that humans have chewed all sorts of gum for over 100,000 years.

The first flavored chewing gum was made in 1860 by a man called John Colgan. He was a pharmacist from Louiseville, Kentucky. The flavor of the first chewing gum came from a powder made from the extract of a balsam tree, the flavor was called Tolu. The small sticks of chewing gum were then named “Taffy Tolu”.

He was also leading the way to develop the first modern chewing gum mad out of chicle. The chicle was brought in America from Mexico as a product to try and replace rubber, but lead to no success in that area. Instead it was used in the production of flavored chewing gums and there it was a perfect fit. Later on it came to be replaced by synthetic gum since the quality of chicle no longer met the standards of what a good chewing gum should feel like. Today the chewing gums are made out of butadiene-based synthetic rubber.

To get dental health benefits, you need to chew sugar-free gums; they are sweetened with xylitol and can help reduce both plaque and cavities. There are also chewing gums with added fluoride in them which gives your teeth and enamel extra protection throughout the day. It also increases your saliva production which has several dental health benefits.

While there are many benefits to chewing sugar-free gum, there are also risks associated with chewing too much and often. One side effect is that your jaw muscles are working overtime and can cause tension in jaws and neck. So chew responsible out there.